The clashes that occur between two Islam sects, the Shia and Sunni occur across the world of Muslim’s. In the area of the Middle East, a powerful mix of politics and religion have increased this divide between the Gulf States that have the Sunni governments and Shia government of Iran. The Pew Research Centre has published a report that has discovered that 40% of the Sunnis do not regard Shia to be real Muslims. Here is what divides the Shia and Sunni Islam and how deep this rift has gone.
These arguments date all the way back to 632 to the death of the Islam’s founder known as Prophet Muhammad. The tribal Arabs of this time that followed Prophet Muhammad disagreed on who would succeed him as well as inherit the religious and political office. The majority which then became known as Sunni’s that make up 80% of the Muslims of today are the ones that backed Abu Bakr who was one of the Prophets friends as well as the father to his wife.
The other side believed that Muhammad’s kin should have become the rightful successor. They went on to claim that Prophet Muhammad had anointed his cousin Ali and this group became the Shia which is a contraction from “shiaat Ali”, which were the partisans of Ali. The backers of Abu Bakr’s won, although Ali still briefly ruled in the role of the 4th caliph which was a title given to the successors of Muhammad.
The split in Islam became concrete when there was violence against Hussein son of Ali led to his death in the year 680 in the area of Karbala know today as Iraq by the caliph troops of the ruling Sunni. The Sunni rulers carried on by monopolizing political power and the Shia continued to live in the shadows of this state. As the years went by religious beliefs between these groups began to diverge.
Here’s a great video that explains the difference and how the segmentation isn’t an accurate representation of how to explain Muslims today:
The hijab is actually just one individual name for a number of different headscarves that are all very similar. It’s the most popular veil for Muslims who chose to wear them in Western nations. Such veils consist of either one or even two scarves. They cover the neck and head but leave the face exposed. Outside of Western nations, many Muslim women in Arab nations and other regions of the world also wear this traditional veil.
Head coverings are something that plays significant roles in a number of different religions, and Islam is far from the only one. Catholicism and Orthodox Judaism also have a substantial head covering traditions of note. In the specific case of the hijab, it is largely associated with the Muslim faith.
Islam started out on the Arabian Peninsula as a small faith community. It started in the city of Medina by the proclaimed prophet of the religion, Mohammed, who lived roughly from 570 until 632 CE. The religion spread throughout the Middle East into areas such as Central Asia, societies around the Arabian Sea, and also into sub-Saharan Africa. Islam even spread into Europe at points as well.
Scarves and veils were already customary in many cultures before Islam rolled in. As it spread, it incorporated a number of local veiling customs into its practice, while influencing others. However, it’s only been in recent history that a number of Islamic states, like Iran, have started mandating women to wear such things.
Critics of this practice argue that it impinges on the freedoms of women. The debate is sometimes different in Western nations where daughters of immigrants fight for the right to wear them an expression of their faith. The history of the hijab is intertwined with the Islamic faith, as is its use in current political debates in some countries.
Despite it being incredibly hilarious, the fact that he is wearing “black face” and speaking jibberish is very offensive to anyone living in the middle east not just Muslims. I mean, I’ve never seen such acting either, except in old 1920s musicals where they would be minstrels and put on a “black” show. And although this movie was in 2004, I feel that it plays a lot into the current stereotypes that Donald Trump used to win the election in the United States.
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If you have been plugged into the news recently, you have probably heard a lot about the Muslim “bans” United States President Donald Trump has instituted throughout his country. While these bans lead to a great deal of turmoil in both the Muslim community and the rest of the world, people are still very unsure as to what the ban means.
The thing is, President Trump’s new policy is not so much a ban as it is a heavy restriction on free travel to the United States. Under the revised policy, visa holders are not affected, and the 120-day waiting list for citizens from Syria entering has been lifted. The United States government has taken the stance that free travel is not a universal right, although the only ones who don’t have access to this are Muslims. This piece of legislation is concerning in its implications and affects on Muslims around the world. For more information on this topic, please watch this video.